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Sinusitis (Sinus Infection) in Children

  • What is sinusitis (sinus infection)?

    Sinusitis in children

    Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinuses. Sinuses are air-filled cavities located behind the nose in front of the brain, within the structure of the cheeks, behind the eyebrows and forehead, and on either side of the nose bridge.

    These sinuses are covered with mucous to trap germs and other particles that enters. The mucous will then be swept by hair-like projections towards the back of the throat and down to the stomach. A sinus infection disrupts this normal body function, blocking the hair-like projections and making the nasal tissues swell. When the sinuses swell, mucous gets trapped in the sinuses.

  • What are the causes of sinusitis in children?

    Sinusitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection but can sometimes be caused by fungi and viruses. When your sinuses are inflamed, bacteria breeds. An acute sinus infection can last for 3 – 8 weeks. A cold or allergy can cause a sinus infection. When a sinus infection lasts longer than 8 weeks, it is considered chronic.

  • A child with sinusitis may experience the following symptoms:

    • Nasal congestion
    • Pain and pressure in your face
    • Headaches
    • A runny nose
    • Loss of smell and taste
    • Thick mucus discharge
    • Postnasal drainage and cough
  • You should bring your child to a doctor if they display any of the following symptoms:

    • cold lasting for more than 7 days without improvement
    • fever
    • allergy symptoms that don’t respond to allergy medicine
    • pressure or pain around the eyes and/or in the cheeks
    • swelling around the eyes
  • For acute bacterial sinusitis, a child generally responds well to antibiotics. Your child’s doctor may also prescribe nasal steroid spray or nasal saline drops to relieve stuffiness. You should see improvement of symptoms within the first few days of antibiotic treatment. Make sure that your child completes the antibiotic treatment even when you already see improvement in your child’s health.

    Experiencing more than 2 sinusitis symptoms for a minimum of 12 weeks may mean that your child has chronic sinusitis. Likewise, if your child has 4 – 6 episodes of acute sinusitis yearly, immediately consult an Ears, Nose, Throat (ENT) specialist for appropriate treatment.

    In severe cases of sinusitis, surgery may be needed. Surgical procedures like adenoidectomy may be considered for older children with unsuccessful medical therapy.

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    • Cheng Tai Kin

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine - Neonatology

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      Clinic:
      Kinder Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #03-04
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6446 7100
    • Goh Han Meng

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      Clinic:
      Kinder Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #03-04
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6446 7100
    • I Malathi

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine - Neonatology

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      Clinic:
      Happy Baby & Child Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #03-06
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6345 1819
    • Lim Xue Yan

      Specialty:
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      Clinic:
      Sog Clinic For Children
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #02-03
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6702 7172
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      E H Low Baby N' Child Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #04-01
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6344 0583
    • Mohana D/O Rajakulendran

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      Clinic:
      Parkway East Paediatric Clinic
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #03-07
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      62295849
    • S Sivasankaran

      Specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Paediatric Medicine - Neonatology

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      Clinic:
      Kinder Clinic Pte Ltd
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #03-04
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6446 7100

    There are 7 SpecialistsView All