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Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery

  • What is Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery?

    The upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract includes the oesophagus (food pipe), stomach and the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). The upper gastrointestinal tract is prone to various conditions that may require surgical intervention.

    Various procedures are available to diagnose and evaluate these conditions. These include:

    • Upper GI endoscopy, which is a procedure used to diagnose and treat certain upper GI conditions using special instruments with an attached camera and laser
    • Oesophageal pH monitoring, which measures how often stomach acid enters the oesophagus, commonly known as acid reflux. It is most commonly used to diagnose gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    • Oesophageal manometry, which is used to assess the function of the sphincter (muscle at the lower end of the oesophagus)

    These diagnostic techniques can be used to evaluate upper GI symptoms such as difficulty swallowing and abdominal pain, and to diagnose underlying conditions, such as benign or malignant tumours.

    Upper gastrointestinal surgery includes:

    • Gastrectomy – a surgery that treats stomach tumours. This involves the partial or full removal of the stomach and neighbouring lymph nodes
    • Oesophagectomy – a surgery that treats oesophageal tumours. It involves removing all or part of the oesophagus
    • Minimally invasive laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery – used for resection (removal) of stomach and oesophageal tumours
  • Your doctor might recommend upper gastrointestinal surgery if you suffer from symptoms, such as abdominal pain, bloating, heart burn, acid regurgitation and difficulty swallowing. Your condition will first be evaluated using diagnostic techniques to pinpoint the underlying conditions.

    These symptoms can be caused by conditions such as gastritis (inflammation of stomach) or duodenitis (inflammation of small intestine), helicobacter pylori infection (bacteria found in stomach lining), peptic ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux Disease and other diseases affecting the motility and function of the oesophagus. They can also be caused by oesophageal or stomach tumours. Depending on the location and the stage of the cancer, surgery might be needed for the management and treatment of the cancer.

  • At Parkway East Hospital, you can look forward to receive treatment in a warm and comforting environment. Our friendly staff and specialists are here to see you through each step of your journey towards recovery.

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