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Pneumonia

  • What is Pneumonia?

    Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. It can affect people of all ages. However, the elderly (from 65 years old) and young children are most vulnerable to such infections.

    Pneumonia blocks the normal exchange of gas inside the lungs, which leads to low levels of oxygen in the blood and poor removal of carbon dioxide from the body. The severity of pneumonia ranges from mild to life-threatening.

    • Pneumonia is usually triggered by a cold or a bout of flu
    • Young children are most prone to pneumonia
    • The elderly with chronic illnesses, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes and congestive heart failure are also susceptible
    • People who have a weakened immune system due to AIDS or cancer are also at high risk of developing pneumonia
    • Various microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites can cause pneumonia

    Viral pneumonia often affects people living in areas where there are epidemics of respiratory viral infections, such as SARS and flu.

  • Symptoms associated with pneumonia differ considerably depending on the cause and the health condition of the patient. These may include:

    • Blue tinge to skin, lips, tongue and fingertips due to lack of oxygen
    • Breathing difficulty and wheezing
    • Chest pain when breathing and coughing
    • Coughing
    • Fever and chills
    • Green or yellowish sputum
  • Treatment of pneumonia depends on the agent that triggered the infection. Your doctor will evaluate your condition and suggest the treatments that suit you best. These may include:

    • Antibiotics to treat bacterial pneumonia
    • Antiviral medication to treat viral pneumonia
    • Hospitalisation may be required for severe cases of pneumonia to receive intravenous antibiotics and oxygen supply
    • Medication to alleviate pneumonia symptoms, such as cough, fever, chest pains and muscle aches (given together with aforesaid antibiotics and antiviral medication)
    • Plenty of bed rest, a healthy diet and lots of fluid may be enough to treat mild viral pneumonia
    • Acute respiratory distress syndrome if pneumonia affects both lungs, leading to gas exchange failure
    • Bacteraemia (due to bacteria entering the blood)
    • Emphysema (infection of the lung airways)
    • Lung abscess (pus build-up)
    • Pleural effusion (fluid accumulation between chest wall and the lung)
    • Septic shock can trigger circulation failure and lead to kidney failure and blood clotting abnormalities
  • Our Specialists

    There are 4 SpecialistsView All

    • Alvin Ng Choon Yong

      Specialty:
      Internal Medicine
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #05-05
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6342 0302
    • Jim Teo Yeow Kwan

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine
      Sub-specialty:
      Intensive Care Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #05-05
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6342 0302
    • John Law Lik Muk

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine

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      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #05-05
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6342 0302
    • Steve Yang Tze Yi

      Specialty:
      Respiratory Medicine

      View Profile

      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #05-05
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6342 0302
      Clinic:
      The Respiratory Practice
      Location:
      319 Joo Chiat Place #05-05
      Parkway East Medical Centre
      Singapore 427989
      Contact No:
      6342 0302

    There are 4 SpecialistsView All

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