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Stomach & Digestive System (Gastroenterology)

  • Introduction

    Stomach & Digestive System (Gastroenterology), Parkway East

    Gastroenterology is a branch of medical science that focuses on the health of the digestive system or the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It covers the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the digestive system, which include but is not limited to disorders affecting the oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, liver and pancreas.

    Gastroenterology is one of the medical specialties of Parkway East Hospital. Our team of gastroenterologists, mainly focuses on the diseases affecting the GI tract which include the organs from mouth to anus and along the alimentary canal.

    With the aid of ultrasound, x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) services, our team of experienced specialists and nurses focus on achieving an accurate diagnosis for you.

    Our specialists are experienced in the areas of:

    • Gastroenterology (oesophageal, digestive system)
    • Hepatology (liver, bile duct and pancreas)
    • Colorectal (large and small intestines)

    Additionally, some digestive conditions like laryngopharyngeal reflux are related to ear, nose and throat (ENT). Thus, our gastroenterology team works hand in hand with our specialists in otorhinolaryngology to properly address digestive conditions with ENT symptoms.

  • Stomach conditions we treat

    Upper gastrointestinaI (stomach/oesophagus)

    Acute abdominal pain

    Acute abdominal pain is the sudden onset of severe pain in the abdomen.

    Bleeding in upper/lower gastrointestinal

    It is one of the symptoms of disorders in the digestive tract. Symptoms of GI bleeding can be either be obvious (overt) such as vomiting blood, black, tarry stool, and rectal bleeding, or hidden (occult) such as lightheadedness, fainting, difficulty in breathing, chest pain, and abdominal pain.


    Gastritis is the inflammation of the lining of the stomach. It is usually caused by the infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. Some cases can lead to ulcers, an increased risk of stomach cancer.

    Gastro-oesophageal reflux diseases (GERD)

    This condition is the result of stomach acid flowing back into the oesophagus, the tube connecting the mouth and stomach. GERD is a mild acid reflux commonly experienced by some people.

    Peptic ulcers

    Peptic ulcers are open sores that developed in the lining of the stomach and upper portion of the small intestine. They include gastric ulcers occurring on the inside of the stomach and duodenal ulcers occurring on the inside of the upper portion of the small intestine.

    Liver, biliary system and pancreas

    Hepatitis (A,B,C)

    This is the inflammation of the liver. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its functions can be affected. Viral hepatitis (A, B, and C) is caused by viruses.

    Liver cirrhosis (scarring)

    Over some period, healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissues caused by diseases and conditions such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism.

    Lower gastrointestinal (colon/rectal)

    Haemorrhoids (piles)

    Also known as piles, this condition refers to the swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum, like varicose veins. It can develop inside the rectum or under the skin around the anus.

    Inflammatory bowel diseases

    This is an umbrella term referring to chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. This includes ulcerative colitis, a condition that involves the inflammation and sores along the superficial lining of the large intestine and rectum, and Crohn’s disease, a condition characterised by the inflammation of the lining of the deeper layer of the digestive tract.

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

    This condition affects the large intestine and usually has symptoms including cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea or constipation, or both. It is a chronic condition that requires long term management, though only few people may have severe IBS signs and symptoms.

    *This is not a complete list of all the conditions that we recognise and treat. The information is designed for educational reference only and should not be seen as medical advice.

    Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting any treatment.

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  • Stomach treatments we offer


    Advanced polypectomy

    This is a procedure involving large polyps, polyps that are difficult to access, and polyps that require special maneuvers for removal.

    Capsule endoscopy/small intestine endoscopy

    In this procedure, you will swallow a vitamin-size capsule containing a tiny, wireless camera that takes pictures of the digestive tract. Once inside the digestive tract, the camera snaps thousands of pictures that are transmitted to a recorder you wear on a belt around the waist.

    Coeliac axis blocks


    This is a procedure used to see changes or any abnormalities in the large intestine and rectum. A tiny video camera is placed at the end of a long, flexible tube inserted in the rectum.

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP)

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure used to visualise the bile duct and pancreas by producing detailed x-ray images.

    Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)

    This outpatient procedure aims to eliminate deep tumours from the GI tract. Gastroenterologists makes use of a flexible, tube-like imaging tool called endoscope to perform this procedure.

    Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)

    This is a minimal invasive procedure that assesses digestive and lung diseases. It makes use of high-frequency sound waves to produce detailed images of the lining and walls of the digestive tract and chest.


    A thin, flexible tube called endoscope is inserted in the oesophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine to detect abnormalities.

    Luminal dilation

    Strictures of the colon may require surgical management. Endoscopic balloon dilation is an alternative treatment to surgery for strictures.

    Stents (pancreatic, biliary, enteral stents)

    A stent is a small tube inserted into a blocked passageway. This is used to drain the gall bladder and pancreatic fluid collections.

    Liver health assessment

    Hydrogen & methane breath test

    24-hour pH impedance test

    Colon transit studies

    Get an estimate of how much your out-of-pocket treatment costs will be, after deductions from your Integrated Shield Plan coverage, using our hospital bill estimator.

    *This is not a complete list of all the diagnostic procedures and treatments we provide. The information is designed for educational reference only and should not be seen as medical advice.

    Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting any treatment.

    Make an enquiry Find a doctor Estimate Out-of-Pocket Costs

  • Our Specialists

    There are 13 SpecialistsView All

    There are 13 SpecialistsView All