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Gastritis

  • What is Gastritis?

    Gastritis is a swelling of the stomach lining. It can either be acute (severe attacks lasting for days) or chronic (long-term nausea and appetite loss). If untreated, gastritis can result in severe complications.

  • Various causes of gastritis include:

    • Post-surgery, burns or traumatic injury
    • Excessive alcohol consumption
    • Infection caused by helicobacter pylori, a bacteria that weakens the protective lining of the stomach, thus causing acidic digestive juices to come into contact with the stomach walls
    • Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen
    • Stress and chronic vomiting, such as in bulimia cases)
  • In most cases, gastritis does not display any symptoms. Nonetheless, the most common symptoms of gastritis include:

    • Black stool due to bleeding
    • Blood in vomit
    • Burning feeling in the upper abdomen (belly)
    • Hiccups
    • Loss of appetite
    • Nausea and indigestion
    • Pain in the upper abdomen
    • Vomiting
    • Weight loss
  • Treatment of gastritis varies depending on the cause of your condition. Your doctor will assess your condition and suggest the most suitable treatment, which can include:

    • Acid control medications to neutralise acid levels in the stomach
    • Antibiotics to kill bacteria if you are infected with helicobacter pylori
    • Painkillers, such as those containing acetaminophen
    • Anaemia (low red blood cell count)
    • Dehydration
    • Kidney problems
    • Stomach cancer
    • Stomach ulcers and scarring
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