Video anchor 11.JUL.2019 3 MIN READ | 3 MIN READ
Upset stomach

What’s up with your upset stomach?

Having an upset stomach can feel like the worst feeling in the world. Symptoms and treatments may vary, depending on its cause. Knowing whether you have gastric pain, stomach flu or food poisoning will help hasten your recovery as you can start on the right treatment straight away.


Gastric Pain Stomach Flu Food Poisoning
Symptoms • Pain in your upper abdomen
• Nausea or vomiting
• Diarrhoea
• Abdominal cramps
• Nausea or vomiting
• Flu-like symptoms (eg. fever, muscle aches, headache)
• Nausea or vomiting
• Watery or bloddy diarrhoea
• Abdominal cramps
• Fever
Causes • Bacterial infection (H. pylori)
• Some medications (eg. painkillers, aspirin, steroids)
• A viral infection attacking the digestive system • Bacterial infection
• Virus infection
• Parasites
Transmission • Ingestion of H. pylori • Eating contaminated food
• Contact with an infected person
• Contact with an infected surface
• Eating contaminated food
• Contact with an infected person
• Contact with an infected surface
Treatment • Antacids to neutralise the stomach acid
• Antibiotics for the bacterial infection
• Medication to reduce acid production
• Medication to relieve fever and other symptoms
• Plenty of rest and hydration
• Gastric medication for severe pain
• Let the immune system fight it off
• Medication to relieve fever and other symptoms
• Plenty of rest and hydration
• Gastric medication for severe pain
• Let the immune system fight it off
• Antibiotics for severe bacterial food poisoning
Prevention • Avoid unnecessary painkillers
• Screen for H. pylori infection and treat if present
• Take gastric medication for prevention if at increased risk
• Reduce alcohol consumption
• Practise proper hand and food preparation hygiene
• Cook all food thoroughly
• Avoid sharing food with anyone infected
• Disinfect toilets and hard surfaces
• Take extra precautions when travelling to developing countries and rural areas
• Practise proper hand and food preparation hygiene
• Cook all food thoroughly
• Avoid sharing food with anyone infected
• Disinfect toilets and hard surfaces
• Take extra precautions when travelling to developing countries and rural areas

If your symptoms are so severe that you are unable you perform normal tasks, like standing up straight or walking, visit the A&E to get a clear diagnosis and effective treatment.

 

Infographic reviewed by Dr Jarrod Lee, gastroenterologist at Parkway East Hospital

References

What Is Gastritis? (2018, November 13) Retrieved 9 July, 2019 from https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-gastritis#2

Do I have a stomach virus or food poisoning? (2018, July 21) Retrieved 9 July, 2019 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/311508.php

11.JUL.2019