8.OCT.2019 4 MIN READ | 4 MIN READ

Cooking with herbs and spices not only enhances the natural flavour of the food, it can boost gut health and improve overall well-being. Here are 9 ingredients that can pack your ordinary meals with extraordinary health benefits.

Researchers have linked gut health to everything from brain function to inflammation levels across your body. Your gut microbiome, which is the population of microbes in your digestive system, exists in a delicate balance. Maintaining the right amount of good bacteria within the microbiome can have a significant impact on your health.

Certain herbs or spices have superfood qualities, encouraging healthy digestion and powering your gut. Here are the top 9 recommendations from our dietitians:

1. Cinnamon

Cinnamon contains antioxidants, which may help combat oxidation throughout your body and reduce your risk of chronic illnesses. Cinnamon may also lower your blood sugar levels by slowing the breakdown of carbohydrates in your intestines, and maintain a better balance of nutrients within your gut. Further research has shown that compounds in cinnamon are also effective in lowering inflammation in your digestive system, improving its efficiency.

2. Cocoa

Cocoa
Most people have no idea that cocoa is a superfood. The flavonoids found in cocoa beans have an antioxidant effect just like cinnamon. Cocoa may also lower stress levels and improve mood, which contributes to improved digestive function. Research has also shown that cocoa can speed up your metabolism and encourage positive microbial activity in your gut, increasing good bacteria and minimising the growth of ‘bad’ bacteria connected to conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

3. Turmeric

If you’re a fan of yellow curry, then you’ve definitely consumed turmeric. This popular spice contains curcumin, an anti-inflammatory that is so strong it is almost as effective as some medications. Curcumin is also a powerful antioxidant which potentially slows down the production of free radicals and preventing oxidative damage to your cells. Scientists have discovered an increase in the diversity of gut bacteria in those who consume turmeric regularly.

4. Rosemary

Rosemary is not always considered a superfood, but it has some surprising benefits. Research shows that rosemary can adjust the composition of your gut bacteria. This composition may potentially play an important part in helping one maintain a healthy weight and in digesting and fermenting foods to release their nutrients. Rosemary may also reduce weight gain, particularly in obese patients, as well as encouraging bile flow and gall bladder function.

5. Cumin

Cumin
Cumin is a popular spice used in many traditional dishes. It is also a common cure for indigestion. It increases bile flow, which speeds up the digestive processes of your liver. Researchers also believe that cumin encourages digestive enzyme activity. Studies show that patients with IBS notice a reduction in symptoms when taking concentrated cumin regularly. Cumin also has the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory powers of many of these superfoods.

6. Ginger

Ginger is a delicious spice that researchers believe is particularly effective in your stomach and intestines. Ginger may help to settle an upset stomach, which is why it’s often used to combat nausea. Many people also find it works to ease painful indigestion when consumed with a meal or as a tea after.

7. Peppermint

Peppermint is very soothing, especially when consumed as a tea. There are indications that peppermint oil may reduce painful IBS symptoms and improve digestive function in healthy patients by relaxing the muscles of your colon. Peppermint oil may also have the ability to fight unwelcome bacteria, which is one of the reasons it is often used in toothpaste.

8. Garlic

Garlic
Garlic is possibly one of the most powerful superfoods you can include in your diet. It contains prebiotic fibres, which your body uses to feed good bacteria. Garlic, along with onions, is believed to be an anti-cancer agent with an ability to improve immune system function. Besides enhancing the health of your gut, garlic is also known for possibly promoting heart health, lowering blood pressure and fighting illnesses like the common cold.

9. Cayenne pepper

Cayenne pepper is a spicy chilli pepper that adds warmth and flavour to your favourite dishes. It also has a potential host of health benefits, including fighting infections in your gut by stimulating nerves in the stomach that signal a need for injury protection. One study has indicated cayenne pepper may help reduce stomach ulcers. It also limits overproduction of the yeast candida, which can possibly adversely affect your intestinal lining when left uncontrolled.

Incorporating superfoods into your diet

More and more research is being done into the importance of a healthy gut. Scientists believe that gut health is the key to many vital bodily functions. The studies also show that these herbs, spices and superfoods may have some health benefits to boost you digestive system. However, it is also important to note that such research is preliminary. It is still important to focus on maintaining a balanced diet by including a variety of fruits and vegetables, fish, lean meat and wholegrain products in your diet. If you have a pre-existing health condition and would like to learn how to improve your health by changing your eating habits, speak to your healthcare provider or a dietitian. They can help you modify your diet to suit your needs without compromising your health.

 

Article reviewed by Jennifer Shim, dietitian at Parkway East Hospital

Reference

Gallagher, P. (2018, May 11) Why onions and garlic are good for your health. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://inews.co.uk/news/health/onions-garlic-good-bacteria-gut/

Groves, M. (2018, October 12) 12 Science-Backed Benefits of Peppermint Tea and Extracts. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/peppermint-tea

Hewings-Martin, Y. (2017, September 15) Why chocolate is good for your gut. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319408.php

Leech, J. (2017, June 4) 10 Delicious Herbs and Spices With Powerful Health Benefits. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-healthy-herbs-and-spices

Menayang, A. (2018, September 24) Pilot study sheds light on curcumin’s potential influence on gut microbiota. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.nutraingredients-usa.com/Article/2018/09/24/Pilot-study-sheds-light-on-curcumin-s-potential-influence-on-gut-microbiota

Mohan, C. (2017, May 8) Ginger: Possible Health Benefits and Side Effects. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.webmd.com/vitamins-and-supplements/ginger-uses-and-risks#2

Pathak, N. (2019, Jan 3) Spices and Herbs That Can Help You Stay Healthy. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.webmd.com/healthy-aging/over-50-nutrition-17/spices-and-herbs-health-benefits

Raman, R. (2018, March 18) 8 Impressive Health Benefits of Cayenne Pepper. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/8-benefits-of-cayenne-pepper

Romo-Vaquero, María et al. (2014, April 14) A rosemary extract rich in carnosic acid selectively modulates caecum microbiota and inhibits β-glucosidase activity, altering fiber and short chain fatty acids fecal excretion in lean and obese female rats. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3986085/

Sethi, S. (2018, July 2) How Gut Health Affects You. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.healthline.com/health/gut-health

Thorpe, M. (2017, March 23) 9 Powerful Health Benefits of Cumin. Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/9-benefits-of-cumin

Whiteman, H. (2015, March 11) The gut microbiome: How does it affect our health? Retrieved 5/7/19 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/290747.php

8.OCT.2019
img
Jennifer Shim
Dietitian
Parkway East Hospital

Ms Shim is a dietitian member with the Dietitians Association of Australia.