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Hand Trauma

  • What is Hand Trauma?

    Hand trauma is any injury of the fingers, hands and wrists, including the tendons, ligaments and nerves. From simple fingertip injuries to tendon injuries and fractures, hand injuries can be divided into 6 general categories:

    • Burns
    • Lacerations (cuts)
    • Fractures and dislocations
    • High pressure injuries (eg. from grease and paint guns)
    • Infections
    • Soft tissue (flesh) injuries and amputations
  • Hand injuries are usually accidental injuries, sports injuries or repetitive-use injuries.

  • The symptoms of hand trauma vary depending on the type of injury, how it occurred, its depth, severity and its location. Common symptoms of hand trauma include:

    • Burns – tenderness or complete numbness, deformity (with or without tissue loss), discolouration, loss of tissue, change in skin texture, redness, blistering, black areas of tissue
    • Fractures and dislocations – tenderness, deformity, swelling and discolouration, decreased range of motion (difficulty moving), numbness, weakness, bleeding
    • High pressure injuries – pain, swelling, occasional skin discolouration
    • Infections – tenderness, localised warmth, redness, swelling, fever (rare), deformity, decreased range of motion
    • Lacerations – tenderness, bleeding, numbness, decreased range of motion, weakness, pallor (pale or bloodless appearance)
    • Soft tissue (flesh) injuries and amputations – tenderness, deformity (with or without tissue and bone loss), swelling and discolouration, bleeding, weakness, numbness
  • Treatment varies according to the type of injury.

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