A syngeneic stem cell transplant is a special type of allogeneic transplant in which the donor is an identical twin (or triplet) to the recipient. This means that the donor and the recipient both have identical tissue types.
This type of stem cell transplant is rare as identical twins or triplets are not very common. If you have an identical twin or triplet, their stem cells can be used to treat your leukemia or other blood disorders you may have.
A syngeneic stem cell transplant uses the stem cells from your identical twin to replace your abnormal bone marrow.
You will then receive the new healthy stem cells, which are free of cancerous cells and will produce their own immune cells. These immune cells will fight any cancer cells remaining after treatment.
If more stem cells are needed, your identical twin will have to be recalled.
Syngeneic stem cell transplants are used to treat conditions such as:
The advantages of syngeneic stem cell transplants include:
The disadvantages of syngeneic stem cell transplants include:
The side effects of a stem cell transplant may vary from person to person. Some individuals experience multiple side effects, while others may have fewer. Some side effects are short-term (acute), while others are long-term (chronic).
Initial side effects can include:
Longer-term side effects can include:
After your stem cell transplant, your doctor will monitor you closely. They will take measures to prevent side effects and to quickly deal with any that develop.
Parkway East Hospital is the preferred private hospital for residents in the eastern coast of Singapore for the treatment of different cancers.
Our fully-equipped hospital provides patients undergoing cancer treatment with a conducive environment for a comfortable and smooth recovery.
You will be well-supported by our team of caring nurses, counsellors and therapists who will be there for you through your cancer treatment journey.