Your doctor will first ask about your symptoms and suggest blood and stool tests to check for intestinal inflammation.
If IBD is suspected, your doctor may recommend additional tests, including:
Treatment for IBD may involve medical therapy to reduce inflammation caused by the disease, thereby relieving symptoms and reducing the occurence of flare-ups.
In cases where medical therapy has not worked, surgery may be needed to remove severely inflamed segments of intestines, or for the treatment of complications (e.g. stricture, perforations and fistulae).
Your doctor may prescribe medications such as:
For ulcerative colitis, a colectomy and/or proctocolectomy may be performed. The surgeon will remove your colon and/or rectum, connect the small intestine to the anus, and create an ileal pouch to collect stools that will be passed out.
For Crohn's disease, a bowel resection (colectomy) may be performed. The surgeon will remove the diseased parts of your intestines and connect the two healthy ends together, so your bowel can resume functioning normally after the surgery.
Speak to your doctor to understand the risks and benefits of surgery, and discuss which treatment options are best suited for you.