PCOS can be exceptionally tricky to diagnose, especially in adolescents and menopausal women who experience normal hormonal changes. Some of the symptoms of PCOS can also be seen in other conditions.
Your doctor will discuss your medical history, menstrual period, weight changes and symptoms. To confirm a diagnosis, your doctor may order:
Your doctor may diagnose you with PCOS if you have at least 3 of the following criteria:
With the proper diagnosis, treatment and lifestyle changes, PCOS can be managed. Speak to an endocrinologist to understand more.
Depending on your age, symptoms and future reproductive plans, your doctor may recommend one or more of the following:
Since PCOS may increase your risk of certain diseases, it is important to consider changing your diet and lifestyle. In particular, you may need to focus on weight management, insulin production and insulin resistance as hormonal imbalances and metabolic problems are some of the primary outcomes of PCOS.
Following a diet that meets your nutritional needs — a healthy weight and normal insulin levels — can help you feel better. Consider including the following food sources in your diet:
Limit or avoid eating refined carbohydrates like white bread, sugary beverages, desserts, and processed foods. These may worsen insulin resistance and cause inflammation.
Be conscious of your daily physical movements to manage your insulin resistance and high blood pressure. Activities like meditation and yoga help you manage your stress levels.
Always consult a doctor or nutritionist to learn more about your medical condition and treatment options before making any significant changes to your diet and lifestyle.