To diagnose your injury, your doctor will need to:
As shoulder pain can also be caused by bone spurs rubbing against the tendon or arthritis, your doctor will need to rule these out before recommending the appropriate treatment.
Treatment varies according to the type of injury you have.
If you have a partial tear that is less than 5 mm in size, your injury should heal without surgery as long as you follow the correct rehabilitative exercises.
Your doctor may prescribe non-surgical treatment to relieve pain and improve shoulder function such as:
Your doctor may recommend repair surgery if the pain persists and does not improve with non-surgical methods, or if you actively use your arms for work or sports.
Depending on the type and extent of your injury, your doctor may perform one of these surgical procedures:
You will need to use a sling for 4 – 6 weeks after the surgery to allow the rotator cuff to heal.
Physiotherapy will be an important part of your recovery. You should do daily exercises and attend regular sessions with a physiotherapist to improve your shoulder strength and motion.
Most patients take about 6 months to resume normal activity.