The shoulder joint and muscle are responsible for the greatest range of motion in the body. It consists of 3 bones held in a stable position by tendons, ligaments, and muscles.
The flexibility of the shoulder allows lifting and rotation of the arms in multiple directions but also makes it prone to injury.
Most shoulder injuries occur in the muscles, ligaments and tendons, not the bones. Such problems may be minor or serious, depending on the injury and how long it has been left untreated.
Learn about common shoulder conditions and explore orthopaedic treatments available at Parkway East Hospital.
Frozen shoulder (also called adhesive capsulitis) is a condition that results in loss of movement, and pain or stiffness in your shoulder. This can affect your daily activities.
Frozen shoulder is due to inflammation of the covering of the shoulder joint. The most obvious symptoms of frozen shoulder include:
Learn more about frozen shoulder and its treatment options.
Your rotator cuff comprises a group of 4 muscles and tendons around your shoulder joint. It stabilises your joint and enables you to lift and rotate your arm.
A rotator cuff tear is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain. Although it can be treated through non-surgical options, serious or complete tears may require rotator cuff surgery.
Shoulder fractures occur when an impact breaks or displaces the bones that make up the shoulder.
Symptoms of a fractured shoulder include:
Learn more about fractures and its treatment options.
A shoulder dislocation occurs when the round ball at the top of the humerus (upper arm bone) comes out of its socket in the scapula (shoulder blade). It is a painful and traumatic injury that is often caused by a fall or during contact sports.
If you dislocated your shoulder:
Learn more about shoulder dislocation and its treatment options.
Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a condition in which there is overuse of the extensor muscles in the forearm and tears appear in the common extensor tendon.
It is a common condition that is usually caused by excessive or repetitive turning or lifting of the elbow.
Tennis elbow is characterised by:
Learn more about tennis elbow and its treatment options.
The collarbone is one of the main bones in the shoulder area. A broken collarbone, also known as a clavicle fracture, is a common condition and usually accounts for 5% of all adult fractures.
Accidental falls and excessive pressure on the shoulder can lead to a broken collarbone.
Symptoms of a broken collarbone include:
Your doctor will perform a physical examination and ask for details on your injury. You may need to take imaging tests to confirm the injury.
A clavicle fracture can usually be treated with non-surgical treatments such as an arm sling, pain medication and physiotherapy.
However, if the broken ends of the bones have significantly shifted out of place, your doctor may recommend surgery to realign and stabilise the bone.
Speak to our orthopaedic specialists to assess your condition and start your treatment.