Whether you are a young adult, newly-wed or working professional, sexual and reproductive health is an important part of your well-being. A healthy sex life is linked to multiple health benefits such as better immune system, lower blood pressure and improved heart health.
Your sexuality and health needs may change at different life stages. Whether you plan to start a family or simply want to meet your own intimacy needs, knowing about sexual and reproductive health will help your improve your quality of life and prevent future medical issues.
As defined by the World Health Organisation, sexual health refers to the state of physical, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. Reproductive health refers to the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of your life.
As a woman, taking care of both your sexual health and reproductive health means:
Did you know? Female sexual dysfunction is a significant health problem worldwide, with more than 40% of women of reproductive age affected by it.
A woman's period (menstrual cycle) is regulated by hormones and is a natural process whereby the body prepares for pregnancy. Keeping track of your menstrual cycle can help you identify the right time for conception. The end of the last menstrual period is known as menopause.
Menstruation is an important part of being healthy. Talk to your gynaecologist if you experience
To achieve sexual wellness, every woman needs to embrace her own sexuality as a vital part of her emotional and physical health.
Many factors that can affect your sexual libido, such as stress, illness, aging, common conditions that cause sexual dysfunction, as well as the influence from career, family and social commitments.
Depending on the causes and symptoms, there are different treatments and therapies available for female sexual dysfunction. See your doctor about your symptoms to rule out any underlying medical issues.
Treatments for female sexual dysfunction may include:
There are many forms of contraceptives that are available for effective birth control. Common contraceptive methods include:
Talk to a gynaecologist to find out the method which best suits your needs.
Start planning your parenthood journey early if you and your partner intend to have children. As a woman's fertility declines with age, early planning will allow you to deal with any unexpected fertility issues sooner than later.
Fertility problems may arise due to problems in the female or the male reproductive system. It is advisable to seek medical help if:
Sexually transmitted infections and diseases (STIs and STDs) can be transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral contact during intercourse. Some examples are syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and trichomoniasis.
See a gynaecologist if you have symptoms of an STD, such as:
Proper protection during sexual activity can help prevent the transmission of STIs. Left untreated, STIs can lead to fertility problems and an increased risk of cervical cancer.
There are steps you can take to prevent cervical cancer, including: