Neurosurgery (Brain & Nerves) - Overview

What is neurosurgery?

Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical discipline concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment and rehabilitation of disorders that affect the nervous system.

The nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial blood vessels inside and around the brain.

Neurosurgeons coordinate teams of nurses and surgeons in the operating theatre. They are responsible for complex procedures that take great skill and dexterity.

Types of neurosurgery

Depending on your condition or needs, your neurosurgeon may recommend one or more of the following procedures:

  • Biopsy: This procedure uses a small incision and a needle to extract a small amount of tissue so that it can be examined under a microscope for abnormalities.
  • Craniotomy: This procedure removes a piece of the skull (called the bone flap) to gain access to the brain.
  • Deep brain stimulation: In this procedure, electrodes are implanted in the brain to deliver electrical stimulation to certain areas in the brain. The surgery is usually performed to treat patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders.
  • Neuroendoscopy: In this minimally invasive surgery, a thin tube called an endoscope is threaded through the mouth, nose, or small incisions in the skull to access or remove brain tissue.
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery: A non-invasive treatment for brain tumours, radiosurgery is a form of external radiation treatment that does not involve an incision.

What is the difference between neurosurgery and neurology?

Neurosurgery and neurology both treat the central nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord. The key difference between these medical specialties lies in their approach to neurological disorders:

  • Neurosurgeons use neurological and spine surgery to treat a wide range of brain, spine, and nervous system conditions. They may also provide non-surgical treatment and rehabilitation for neuro disorders.
  • Neurologists use non-surgical approaches, such as medications and electrical stimulation to treat and provide long-term management for neurological patients. They do not perform surgery.

Neurology and neurosurgery are complementary disciplines. Patients usually meet with a neurologist first for a diagnosis and to decide on a treatment plan.

Our approach

At Parkway East Hospital, you can rely on our team of specialists to treat your neurological conditions.

Our skilled and experienced neurosurgeons are familiar with a wide range of neurological and brain-related conditions, from common disorders to more complex cases. We will walk you through your treatment options and help you choose the route to an optimal medical outcome.

Count on our medical team for attentive support and care on your journey to recovery.

Why choose Parkway East Hospital?

Parkway East Hospital serves residents in the eastern part of Singapore.

We have an experienced team of neurology specialists, including neurosurgeons, who are supported by a dedicated rehabilitation team to treat and manage the care of patients with different neurological conditions.

Patients staying for treatment can choose from a variety of well-furnished rooms for customised care and comfort.

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