Following a thorough review of your medical history, your doctor may perform a physical examination with one or more of the following tests:
Asymptomatic diverticular disease does not require any treatment.
Diverticulitis is treated with antibiotics and bowel rest. However, surgery will be required for patients who are not responding to antibiotics, or who have a colonic perforation or intra-abdominal abscess.
Most episodes of diverticular bleeding stop spontaneously, although some patients may need to be admitted to hospital and may need blood product transfusions.
Patients with massive bleeding may require emergency surgery to remove the colon in order to stop the bleeding.
Diverticular disease isn't known to be triggered by any particular foods.
However, those with diverticular disease should consume a diet that is rich in fibre, such as:
Drink plenty of fluids to prevent bloating and wind. For diverticulitis, a fluid-only diet may be recommended for a few days until symptoms improve, followed by a high-fibre diet upon recovery.
Your doctor may prescribe medicine such as:
More severe cases of diverticulitis may need to be treated in the hospital.
Bowel resection surgery may be needed to treat rare cases of serious complications of diverticulitis. These include:
Bowel resection involves the removal of diseased segments of the intestine and then reconnecting the healthy segments. If it’s not possible to reconnect the colon and the rectum, a colostomy will be performed.