Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), also called peripheral artery disease, is a chronic condition where narrowed arteries reduce blood circulation to the limbs.
PAD is categorised as a type of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) – a term used to describe various circulatory diseases affecting the arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels.
PAD occurs when your limbs such as your legs do not receive enough blood flow. This in turn causes symptoms such as cramping, or leg pain when walking (claudication).
PAD is usually caused by a buildup of fatty deposits in your arteries, known as atherosclerosis.
While some people with PAD have mild or no symptoms, others experience intermittent leg pain that goes away with rest and returns during physical activity.
Common signs and symptoms of PAD include:
PAD is usually caused by atherosclerosis, a condition when fatty deposits build up on your artery walls and reduce blood flow.
Less common causes of PAD include:
You have a higher risk of developing PAD if you:
If left undiagnosed or untreated, PAD can lead to further complications such as:
To reduce your risk of PAD, you should: